Lion Dance

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Lion Dance

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Lion Dance

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Lion Dance History and Folklore Video

Chinese New Year 2019 Lion Dance, Hong Kong

Der Löwentanz ist ein traditioneller Tanz in der chinesischen Musik, der von meistens zwei Personen unter einem „Löwenkleid“ mit Musik aufgeführt wird. Heute wird der Löwentanz traditionell jedes Jahr zum Neujahrsfest der Chinesen aufgeführt. English: A lion dance in Chinatown, Manhattan, New York City, New York, USA, (The photograph was originally incorrectly described as a "Dragon Dance".). The first book from the new Joey Yap Cultural Series Despite its popularity as a form of cultural entertainment and competitive sport, the Lion Dance has a. Canberra Prosperous Mountain Dragon and Lion Dance, Canberra. Gefällt Mal. Prosperous Mountain Dragon and Lion Dance (PMDLD) troupe was. Note the mirror on the front to frighten the devil, and the small ornamental horn on the top of the head. Instead of dancing to Sportwetten Forum Insider sounds of flutes and Schiedsrichter Wettskandal, the Okinawan shisa dance is often performed to folk songs played with the sanshin. The Lion Dance is one Bubble Hunter 2 the most widespread folk dances in China. Transcriptions Lion Dance shishimai. Amsterdam University Press. The winner lion would then use creative methods and martial art skills to reach the high-hanging reward. Mooncakes and Hungry Ghosts: Festivals of China. Archived from the original on March 4, Chinese Lion Dancers. It is also generally practised together with Dragon dance in some area. The Northern Lion Dance mainly focuses on the performance of a martial lion dance. Lion Dance cymbals, a gong and drums usually accompany Krzysztof Ratajski lively scene. These men represent historic characters in China that were recorded in the classic Romance of the Three Kingdoms. This lion is generally used by most.
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There are various styles of lions and lion dances, though the biggest distinction is the Northern and the Southern.

The Southern dance is more symbolic as mentioned above and preformed during Chinese New Year celebrations. The Southern lions are divided into two main groups, the Hok Shan and the Fat Shan lions.

Further divisions or mixed forms do exist. The Hok San Lion has a straight mouth, a curved horn, and a short tail, the Fat San lion has a curved mouth, a pointed horn, and a long tail.

Lion dance in the streets of China Town, Bangkok during Chinese New Year celebrations. Externally, it is a full body workout, enhances health and requires skill and agility.

The transmission of the lion dance is the conveyance of tradition, lineage, skill and relationship. It requires respect, loyalty and reverence to the Sifu, Troupe Leader, fellow students and lion head.

The Lion Dance is enacted by two dancers. One handles the head, made out of strong, but light materials like paper-mache and bamboo. The interesting thing is that lions themselves were not native to China.

The first lions were brought to China as tribute during the reign of Emperor Shun of the Han dynasty. Because the vast majority of people had, thus, never seen a lion, they based their lion dances on the animals they saw around them.

The Lion dance is often confused with the Chinese Dragon dance, which features a team of around ten or more dancers.

The Lion dance usually consists of two people acting as one lion; one waves the lion head and the other controls the lion's body. Sometimes the front performer stands on the shoulders of the back performer, giving the lion great height.

At other times, the lions climb or even jump to the top of tall poles and balance on small platforms at the end of the poles.

Additional performers can act as a lion cub or as a silk ball, which the lion plays with. They practice in their clubs, training hard to master the acrobatic skills of the dance.

Northern or Beijing style, lion dances were developed by imitating the movements of a dog , and were performed as entertainment for the imperial court.

The northern lions costumes were usually in warm tones, shaggy in appearance, often with golden heads. The northern dance is often acrobatic, incorporating dangerous stunts.

Southern dance imitating a cat is more symbolic. It is usually performed as a ceremony to exorcise evil spirits and to summon good luck and fortune. The southern lion exhibits a wide variety of colors and has a distinctive head with large eyes, a mirror on the forehead, and a single horn at center of the head.

The northern style lion dance has a longer history than any other form. More than 30 of the captured Mongol warriors danced for the Emperor, using large animal heads carved of wood, and wearing animal skins.

The Emperor, greatly impressed, released the prisoners. He called the dance the Northern Wei Auspicious Lion Dance, and it continued to be quite popular in Northern China.

Northern lions usually have long and shaggy orange and yellow hair with either a red bow, or a green bow on its head, depending on the gender of the lion red for male, green for female.

The ribbon, along with a mirror used to show the devil his own hideous reflection, date back to the Buddhist story of the lion cast out from heaven.

During a performance, northern lions make life-like movements resembling those of a Pekingese or Fu Dog. Acrobatics are very common, with stunts like lifts, walking on wooden or bamboo stakes, jumping over tables, or balancing on a giant ball.

Northern lions sometimes appear as a family, with two large "adult" lions and a pair of small "young lions. The northern lion puppet is generally more realistic than the southern lion.

The northern lion has a mane and four legs and makes great use of these prancing legs in its performances. Guangdong is the homeland of the southern, or Cantonese style.

The south embraced a more stylized version of a lion, often with only two legs, and a drape over the back. Fat San is the style many Kung Fu schools adopt.

It requires powerful moves and strength in stance. The lion becomes the representation of the Kung Fu school and only the most advance students are allowed to perform.

When the dancing lion enters a village or township, it is supposed to pay its respects first at the local temples, then to the ancestors at the ancestral hall, and finally through the streets to bring happiness to all the people.

The Hok Shan style is more commonly known as a contemporary style. Northern Lion Dance The Northern Lion Dance has a longer history than any other forms of lion dance.

In theNorthern Wei Dynasty , Emperor Wudi launched an expedition to Hexi in Gansu Province, and took more than , Mongols captive.

The emperor ordered the Mongols to perform dances and other entertainment. More than 30 Mongolian warriors held carved wooden animal heads, two big and five small, and wore animal skins, dancing before the emperor.

The emperor was very pleased and named it the Northern Wei Auspicious Lion, and allowed the captives to return home. Then the lion dance became popular in northern China, and the Northern Lion Dance came into being.

The Northern Lion Dance mainly focuses on the performance of a martial lion dance. The dance of a small lion is performed by one person, and the dance of a big lion is played by two people, with one wielding the lion head while standing, and the other wielding the lion body and tail while stooping down.

Guided by the lion dancers, the lion writhes, falls forward, jumps and bows, as well as some other highly difficult movements, such as walking on wooden or bamboo stakes, jumping over a table, and stepping on a rolling ball.

There are several legends about the Southern Lion Dance in China. One of the legends has it that in the Qing Dynasty , Emperor Qianlong dreamed about an auspicious animal in colorful hair on his inspection tour south of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River.

After his return to Beijing , the capital, the emperor ordered his men to make one according to the image of the auspicious animal he dreamed about.

He ordered some people to perform whenever there was a festival or a ceremony, in an effort to make the state prosperous and the people peaceful.

For countries like Malaysia with a substantial Chinese population, local expertise may be available in making the "lion" costumes and musical instruments without having to import them from China.

Most modern Southern Lion dance costumes come with a set of matching pants, however some practitioners use black kung fu pants to appear more traditional.

Modern lion dance costumes are made to be very durable and some are waterproof. They practice in their club and some train hard to master the skill as one of the disciplines of the martial art.

In general, it is seen that if a school has a capable troupe with many 'lions', it demonstrates the success of the school.

It is also generally practised together with Dragon dance in some area. The "greens" qing is tied together with a " red envelope " containing money and may also include auspicious fruit like oranges.

The "lion" will dance and approach the "green" and "red envelope" like a curious cat, to "eat the green" and "spit" it out but keep the "red envelope" which is the reward for the lion troupe.

The lion dance is believed to bring good luck and fortune to the business. During the Qing Dynasty , there may be additional hidden meanings in the performances, for example the green vegetables qing eaten by the lion may represent the Qing Manchus.

But the difficulties of the challenge should come with the bigger the rewards of the "red envelope" given. These events became a public challenge.

A large sum of money was rewarded, and the audience expected a good show. Sometimes, if lions from multiple martial arts schools approached the lettuce at the same time, the lions are supposed to fight to decide a winner.

The lions had to fight with stylistic lion moves instead of chaotic street fighting styles. The audience would judge the quality of the martial art schools according to how the lions fought.

Since the schools' reputations were at stake, the fights were usually fierce but civilized. The winner lion would then use creative methods and martial art skills to reach the high-hanging reward.

Some lions may dance on bamboo stilts and some may step on human pyramids formed by fellow students of the school.

The performers and the schools would gain praise and respect on top of the large monetary reward when they did well.

During the ss, in some areas with high population of Chinese and Asian communities especially the Chinatown in many foreign countries abroad China in the world, people who joined lion dance troupes were "gangster-like" and there was a lot of fighting between lion dance troupes and kung fu schools.

Parents were afraid to let their children join lion dance troupes because of the "gangster" association with the members.

During festivals and performances, when lion dance troupes met, there may be fights between groups. Some lifts and acrobatic tricks are designed for the lion to "fight" and knock over other rival lions.

The violence became so extreme that at one point the Hong Kong government banned lion dance completely. Now, as with many other countries, lion dance troupes must attain a permit from the government in order to perform lion dance.

Although there is still a certain degree of competitiveness, troupes are a lot less violent and aggressive. Nowadays, whenever teams meet each other, they'll shake hands through the mouth of the lion to show sportsmanship.

In a traditional performance, when the dancing lion enters a village or township, it is supposed to pay its respects first at the local temple s , then to the ancestors at the ancestral hall , and finally through the streets to bring happiness to all the people.

Lion dance has spread across the world due to the worldwide presence of the diaspora Chinese communities and immigrant settlers in many countries in the Americas , Europe , Asia , Africa , Australia , Pacific Polynesia , and in particular, in South East Asia where there is a large overseas Chinese presence.

The dance has evolved considerably since the early days when it was performed as a skill part of Chinese martial arts , and has grown into a more artistic art that takes into accounts the lion's expression and the natural movements, as well as the development of a more elaborate acrobatic styles and skills during performances.

This evolution and development has produced the modern form of lion dances, and competitions are held to find the best lion dance performances.

International lion dance championships are held in many countries, for example in Malaysia, Singapore, Hong Kong and Taiwan. These can reach 3m for normal heights, but championship poles can go up to 6m.

The poles can be added with props or obstacles as well, such as a small wooden bridge that can be easily broken in half, or a pair of wire lines that can be crossed over.

The first jongs built were introduced in for a competition in Malaysia, [ citation needed ] made out of wood with a small circular rubber platform on top and an iron fitting on the bottom, with a total of 5 poles in the original set called the "May Hua Poles" Or "Plum Blossom Poles", which were 33 inches in height and 8 inches in width.

Later, 16 poles were added in the set, but all 21 poles were The main judging rubric was developed by the International Dragon and Lion Dance Federation, scored out of 10 total points.

Their rubric is used in many professional competitions including Genting , Malaysia. The Genting World and National Lion Dance Championships are held every two years in Malaysia, starting all the way back in the s.

The champion as of is consecutive winner Kun Seng Keng from Malaysia, winners of 11 out of the 13 Genting competitions.

Another famous competition event held in Malaysia was the Tang Long Imperial World Dragon and Lion Dance Championship at Putra Indoor Stadium , Kuala Lumpur , Malaysia in It too also involves both Northern and Southern Lion dance teams, but dragon dance teams as well.

Another competition called the Ngee Ann City National Lion Dance Championships are held every year in Ngee Ann City , Orchard Road , Singapore.

The lion dance is seen as a representative part of Chinese culture in many overseas Chinese communities, [82] and in some South East Asian countries, there were attempts to ban or discourage the dance in order to suppress the Chinese cultural identity in those countries.

In the s and s, during the era when the Hong Kong 's Chinese classic and martial arts movies are very popular, kung fu movies including Jet Li 's Wong Fei Hung has actually indirectly shows and indicates how lion dance was practiced with the kung fu close co-relation and kung fu during that time.

In those days the lion dance was mostly practised and performed as Wushu or kung fu skills, with the challenge for the 'lion' built of chairs and tables stacked up together for the 'lion' to perform its stunts and accomplish its challenge.

Several s movies, including a remade version of Wong Fei Hung , and the sequels of Once Upon a Time in China , involve plots centered on lion dancing, especially Once Upon a Time in China III and IV.

The series' main actor, Jet Li , has performed as a lion dancer in several of his films, including Southern style lion dancing in Once Upon a Time in China III , Once Upon a Time in China and America and Northern style lion dancing in Shaolin Temple 2 and Shaolin Temple 3: North and South Shaolin.

Lion dance has also appeared in popular music videos, such as Chinese hip hop group Higher Brothers music video for their single "Open It Up", Adam Lambert ' s music video " If I Had You ", and Zayn Malik Featuring Sia ' s music video " Dusk Till Dawn ".

The same traditional dance also appeared in a music video "True To Your Heart" by 98 Degrees Featuring Stevie Wonder which was used to advertise the Disney animated film, Mulan.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Main articles: Reog and Barong dance. Accompanying the lion dance. Musicians accompanying lion dance at Seattle's Chinatown-International District Night Market, Hing Hay Park China portal.

Chinese Shadow Theatre: History, Popular Religion, and Women Warriors. McGill-Queen's University Press. Chinese Text Project.

The colors may also represent the character of the lion: the golden lion represents liveliness, the red lion courage, and the green Lottogewinn friendship. Golden Week. These GlГјcksspielgesetz Schweiz reach 3m for normal heights, but championship poles can go up to 6m.

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Lion Dance

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Beschreibung Chinese New Year Lion Dance. The lion dance is a traditional Chinese dance performed on big occasions, such as the Spring Festival (Chinese New Year) for good luck, as it is believed that the lion is an auspicious animal. What Lion Dances Symbolize In Chinese culture, the lion symbolizes power, wisdom, and superiority. The lion’s dance is performed to chase away ghosts and evil spirits, and since the monsters, ghosts, evil spirits and giants like Nian are afraid of loud noises, the dance has become a natural complement to the fire crackers' noise. Clashing cymbals, a gong and drums usually accompany this lively scene. Lion dance has spread across the world due to the worldwide presence of the diaspora Chinese communities and immigrant settlers in many countries in the Americas, Europe, Asia, Africa, Australia, Pacific Polynesia, and in particular, in South East Asia where there is a large overseas Chinese presence. In a video of its dancers' preparation for the celebrations shared by Chinese newspaper Lianhe Zaobao on Dec 11, the dancers were seen wearing tutus under their lion dance costumes. LION KING of the world! Lion Dance club from GuanSheng Temple Malaysia. Won the World Champion Trophy back in Wonderful lion dance performance brought.
Lion Dance

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